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Environmental Science Associates (ESA)
Education, Professional Background, and Research Interests
Cultural Resources Technical Director, ESA
Community Partner, Market Street Chinatown Project, Stanford University
Research Associate, Archaeological Research Lab, University of California, Berkeley
Associate Editor, Society for Historical Archaeology (SHA)
Series editor, Historical Archaeology in the American West, University of Nebraska Press, and Society for Historical Archaeology
Ph.D. (1995), M.A. (1989), University of Pennsylvania
B.A. (1986), University of Arizona
I arrived in California in 1990, as my archaeological colleagues from the Department of Parks and Recreation had convinced me to do my dissertation research on a Native American adobe housing unit at Mission Santa Cruz. I became an SCA member that same year, and have never wanted to leave this state with so many rich historical and archaeological resources, and with so many colleagues to learn from and share information with. The environmental laws in the state have made my career as a cultural resources manager possible, and are often the envy of my East Coast friends. We cannot take these laws for granted.
As an historical archaeologist, I have had the great fortune of working all over northern and southern California, on sites relating to Native American, Chinese American, Japanese American, German American, African American, Mexican American, and Anglo-American occupation and transformation of the land. I have never been bored, and remain fascinated by delving into the archaeological evidence and histories of adaptation, success, conflict, and destruction. Connecting these threads and helping to make them relevant to descendent communities is one of my passions. One of my first publications was for a popular exhibit of southwestern Native American pottery, and I have tried to balance my academic and popular publications over the years. Both are equally important. Many of my publications make use of SHA and SCA Proceedings as outlets, all of which feature the archaeology and artifact collections from California. As a former SHA journal editor, and now SHA associate editor and series editor for the University of Nebraska Press, I have learned more about publishing then I probably wanted to know. Most importantly, I have learned that if archaeologists do not publish their work, or promote their work to the public, the important lessons of the archaeology we conduct are unlikely to be learned.
In this current political climate, we cannot afford to take anything for granted. We know that archaeology, anthropology, history, and our other sister fields of study, matter. Our SCA bylaws make it clear that the information we discover is worth sharing. However, not everyone else outside of our disciplines feels the same way. Recently, as a lobbying volunteer for the Coalition for American Heritage, walking the halls of the U.S. Congress and having conversations with many congressional aides, I discovered that we have a lot of work to do. Even our advocates in Congress are not sure what we do, although they are certainly sure that it is important. And while that is a good starting point, we have much to do to share the importance of our work.
The SCA is in a good position to make a difference. With an Executive Director in place who well knows how to run the business of SCA, our volunteers are fortunate to be able to focus our energies on promoting archaeology. There are so many ways to do this, and so many good ideas that are already happening. I am excited at the opportunity of becoming SCA President, to put some of my organizational skills to good use; rally our collective voices, existing approaches, and talents; and make archaeology a common household word. And/or at least have some fun while trying.
California State Parks
Education; Professional Background, and Research Interests
I began my career in archaeology excavating sites in the Tahoe National Forest after several large wildfires in 1996. I subsequently received my B.A. and M.A. in Anthropology from California State University, Chico while concurrently working in cultural resource management throughout Northern California. I have conducted fieldwork and research across the state through the various federal and state agencies that I have been fortunate to work for, including United States Forest Service, California Department of Transportation, and California State Parks. I currently work as Parks’ Associate State Archaeologist for the Sierra District, and as underwater archaeologist for the Maritime Heritage Program. I also manage the Dental Increment Lab at Chico State, and serve as Director of the Seasonality Research Lab, a non-profit organization dedicated to building a statewide database on seasonal exploitation patterns of mammalian prey species through dental increment analysis.
We are experiencing a time of uncertainty, with nearly all aspects of SCA’s mission under assault through challenges to existing legislation, funding cuts, and a persistent anti-intellectual political climate. It is essential that we use the Society’s resources to unite and continue to build ties with our many partners in preservation to fight the various legislative and administrative threats to archaeological resources and the work of archaeologists statewide. We should work together as an inclusive body of researchers, educators, and managers to learn and teach diverse audiences about the past. As Northern Vice-President, I will work closely with the other Board members to engage the public, support site protection and conservation, and work to foster mutually beneficial partnerships that will assist us in fulfilling our mission. Lastly, I will continue the custom of hosting a Data Sharing meeting at a unique venue that allows participants to share recent research, reconnect with friends, and meet new colleagues. It would be a great privilege to work for the SCA, an organization that has educated and inspired me throughout my career.
California Department of Transportation
Education; Professional Background, and Research Interests
I received a B.A. in Anthropology (Archaeology concentration) from University of California, Davis in 2006, and a Master of Science in Human Osteoarchaeology from the University of Edinburgh (United Kingdom) in 2009.
Professional experience includes four years of Cultural Resource Management (CRM) archaeology throughout California and Nevada, and one year in the United Kingdom. For over four years, I have worked in the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) District 4, Oakland, in the Office of Cultural Resource Studies, focusing on archaeology. As a Principal Investigator in archaeology, my region includes the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. My research interests include osteology, cultural resource stewardship, and ethical CRM practices.
My Caltrans experience has increased my knowledge and understanding of the importance of teamwork to move projects forward while protecting the interests of all stakeholders. The combination of academic background, CRM experience, and agency work, provides me a comprehensive view of the archaeology, and a greater understanding of challenges facing different groups, and the importance of giving interested parties the opportunity to air their comments, to document them, and to address them fairly.
Balancing public safety, fiscal responsibility, state and federal law, and resource stewardship, is part of my daily routine. As a proud Californian, I understand the need for construction projects and the need to protect our heritage. It is critical to maintain the balance between the two and resist the temptation to take shortcuts. It is also vital to ensure that ethical archaeology perseveres and that best practices persevere in California.
The most important responsibility of the Secretary is to honestly preserve the Board meetings records and present those records in a timely manner to the public. This means regular recordation of Board meeting minutes, which require more than just clear notes and accurate records; it requires listening skills, organizational prowess, and attention to detail. I am well equipped for all of these tasks and as your Secretary, I promise to maintain the transparency that the membership demands and deserves.
Vote on By-Law Changes
CHANGE IN TERM FOR TREASURER
Unlike other SCA Executive Board positions, the role of Treasurer requires that one learn to use an in-place set of programs and procedures. For this reason, it is proposed that the Treasurer’s term of service be changed from two years to three, with one year of overlap in which there will be both a Treasurer and an Immediate Past Treasurer.
Add to The SCA Bylaws Article VI Officers and Their Duties; Section 14 to read:
Section 14. The Treasurer term of office includes a third one-year term and becomes the Immediate Past Treasurer to assist in the duties of the Treasurer and record keeping. Therefore, the Immediate Past Treasurer will overlap one year with the Treasurer. Only the Treasurer will maintain the right to vote at Executive Board meetings.
- A YES vote will add Section 14 to the SCA Bylaws
- A NO vote will NOT add Section 14 to the SCA Bylaws
SHALL THE SCA ADOPT THE PROPOSED ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AND CODE OF CONDUCT, AS PRESENTED BELOW?
PURPOSE OF THE ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AND CODE OF CONDUCT
This document presents the Society for California Archaeology (SCA) Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct. It represents an update and revision of the SCA Code of Ethical Guidelines. The purpose of this document is to provide general principles that guide the conduct of all SCA members and a specific code of conduct by which all SCA members must abide.
This document is not intended to provide standards that guide procedural or methodological practices that are carried out in the performance of archaeological studies. Such standards vary according to regulatory, professional (academic, cultural resources management), avocational, or community guidelines and should be consulted accordingly.
SCA Mission Statement: The Society for California Archaeology is a nonprofit scientific and educational organization dedicated to research, understanding, interpretation and conservation of the heritage of California and the regions that surround and pertain to it.
Professional Standards and Ethics Committee Mission Statement: The mission of the SCA PSE Committee is to provide ethical guidelines for all SCA members and to provide standards and guidelines regarding the professional conduct of archaeologists practicing in the state of California. These standards and guidelines should assist both the practicing archaeologist and the individuals and entities that rely on their services to determine if the archaeologist is conducting themselves in an ethical manner.
Principle No. 1: Stewardship of the Archaeological Record
The archaeological record — defined as in-situ archaeological material and sites, archaeological collections, records and reports — is irreplaceable. All SCA members have a responsibility to work for the long-term conservation and protection of the archaeological record by practicing and promoting stewardship of the archaeological record for the benefit of all people. All SCA members shall support conservation of archaeological resources by recording sites, advocating protection of sites from impending destruction through avoidance, scientific data recovery, or other feasible means.
Principle No. 2: Conduct and Accountability
All SCA members shall treat everyone with dignity and respect, and shall adhere to zero tolerance against all forms of discrimination and harassment. Members shall not engage in illegal or unethical behavior, but instead shall foster a supportive and safe working environment. Members shall adopt a preservation ethic and avoid activities that enhance the commercial value of archaeological objects. Members shall respect intellectual property and confidentiality of information from the archaeological record.
Principle No. 3: Descendant Communities
All SCA members shall commit to meaningful consultation in good faith with descendant communities with the goal of establishing working relationships that can be beneficial to all parties involved. Members shall respect confidentiality of sensitive information and items of cultural patrimony. Where such information or access to items has been provided, members shall obtain permission prior to sharing in any format and credit the source.
Principle No. 4: Public Engagement
SCA members have a responsibility to share results of studies with the public in an accessible format within a reasonable timeframe, while maintaining confidentiality of sensitive information, being respectful of the concerns of descendent communities, and maintaining compliance with regulatory statutes and legal agreements. Members should undertake to: 1) enlist public support for the stewardship of the archaeological record; 2) explain and promote the use of archaeological methods and techniques in understanding human behavior and culture; and 3) communicate archaeological interpretations of the past.
ETHICAL CODE OF CONDUCT
- Give credit to colleagues in written and verbal communications; cite all sources accurately and do not plagiarize.
- Communicate and cooperate with archaeologists working in the same area of study.
- Be objective and respectful in peer reviews.
- Do not discredit others’ work for personal gain or vengeance.
- Avoid conflicts of interest.
- Maintain proficiency regarding professional practices, including regional and site-specific contexts, and be informed about advancements in research questions and methods.
- Involve appropriate museums and cultural centers in the educational analysis, display, and long-term care of cultural collections.
- Obtain all necessary permits and permission from land owners/managers prior to conducting field work.
- Conduct meaningful consultation with appropriate representatives of descendant communities on appropriate treatment of sites of religious, ceremonial, or social significance in all phases of archaeological research and resource management.
- Support the rights of descendant communities to practice their ceremonial traditions at desired locations, as appropriate.
- Comply with procedures specified in state and federal law regarding the discovery of Native American human remains.
- Do not conduct unwarranted archaeological excavations.
- Do not engage in or be complicit with illicit export or import and/or sale of cultural property.
- Do not subvert legal procedures for the preservation of archaeological resources.
- Prepare a research design and work plan before conducting any archaeological fieldwork.
- Prepare for curation prior to field investigations.
- Make arrangements for security at all open excavation sites where vandalism is possible.
- Do not destroy entire upper cultural strata to expedite the examination of lower levels.
- Do not collect or excavate archaeological resources for the sole purpose of teaching field techniques.
- Maintain provenience records and narratives of field work and analysis.
- Assess site eligibility objectively referencing best available information.
- Maintain confidentiality of site locations and any other sensitive information.
- Submit study reports to the appropriate California Historical Resources Information System Regional Information Center in a timely manner.
- Write excavation summaries within five years of completion of fieldwork.
 The SCA is an Affiliated Society of the Register of Professional Archaeologists (RPA). SCA members are encouraged to join the RPA and the SCA will use the RPA grievance process for ethics grievances.